44 First Order and Second Order Rules
Take for example this first-order rule:
Set A – All shapes have curved sides.
Set B – All shapes have straight sides.
First-order rules are not too complex. There is usually one parameter that is different between the two sets; here, it is the curvature of the sides of the shapes. These can be complex, but only on rare occasions. The difficulty in rule finding is when another layer of difference is combined, hence second-order rules.
The majority of Abstract Reasoning rules between Set A and Set B that you will encounter in the real UKCAT test are of two-orders of rules. This is where more than one parameter difference is used to build rules. For example,
Set A – All shapes have curved sides. One square is in the bottom left corner.
Set B – All shapes have straight sides. One circle is in the bottom right corner.
As you can see from the example above, there is an additional rule which is somewhat unrelated to the first part of the rule. Second-order rules such as these are used throughout the test – which is why Abstract Reasoning is seen to be very difficult!
- What is the UKCAT? And is it fair?
- UKCAT Registration – Book UKCAT Now!!!
- If you can, take the UKCAT test one year earlier.
- Your UKCAT test day should not be the first time you locate the Pearson Vue UKCAT test centre
- Try not to book the UKCAT test day during school/university term-time
- Do not put off the UKCAT test
- Take the UKCAT test in the afternoon, not the morning
- Register for UKCAT Bursary early
- UKCAT test only lasts one medical school application cycle
- Prepare your materials the night before your UKCAT test day
- Pre-UKCAT test jitters
- Admittance to medical school is not solely based on this UKCAT test
- Eat breakfast on UKCAT test day
- The Pearson Vue UKCAT test room
- Not allowed to eat or drink in the UKCAT test room
- Rest yourself between UKCAT subtests
- That two-sided sheet of paper is all you've got (sort of)
- Every question is equally weighted
- There is one (and only one) correct answer. Accept it
- The UKCAT is not a race
- Just because you didn't answer one or two questions does not mean you will get a poor score
- Plan each day for the two weeks prior to your UKCAT test
- Incorporate exercise into your UKCAT routine
- Keep focused
- Practise regularly at the time of the day that you will be take the UKCAT test
- Do not peak in your UKCAT practice too soon
- Why UKCAT Practice is Important
Verbal Reasoning UKCAT Tips
- Why is reading comprehension important for Medicine
- Attempt shorter passages first, flag longer passages
- Put simply, a 'true' statement can co-exist inside the passage
- Put simply, a 'false' statement contradicts the passage
- Put simply, a 'cannot tell' statement requires more information than the passage
- Look out for extreme qualifiers
- Words in the Passage does not mean Cannot Tell
- Practise by reading broadsheets
Quantitative Reasoning UKCAT Tips
- Why is mathematics important for medicine?
- Practise your simple mathematics - quick and accurately
- Practise your speed with the simple calculator - not scientific
- Know your GCSE Maths
- Beware of percentages
Abstract Reasoning UKCAT Tips
- Why is pattern recognition important for medicine?
- Learn the simple/advanced mnemonics
- Practise the patterns
- First order and second order rules
- Beware of common distractors
Decision Analysis UKCAT Tips
- Why is cryptography important for medicine?
- Diligence in Decision Analysis
- Shorthand shortcuts in Decision Analysis
- Only three types of questions
Miscellaneous UKCAT Tips
- Eliminating the incorrect responses
- Moving on from UKCAT Results
- What does my UKCAT score mean?