BMAT Section 2: Practice Questions and 13 Expert Tips



Looking to beat the BMAT?

Today, you’ll learn how to score high in BMAT Section 2, also known as Scientific Knowledge and Applications. 

Read our BMAT tips article for an essential overview of the whole exam, and try these BMAT practice questions to get a flavour of what you’re up against.

When you're ready, get our BMAT preparation course, which takes you from day 1 to exam day.

NOTE: the BMAT used to be pen and paper based, but due to the pandemic it will be entirely computer based in 2022.

BMAT Section 2 breakdown with practice questions

BMAT Section 2 Overview, infographic.

This section tests your scientific knowledge and whether you can apply it. Having a strong scientific foundation is important to being a healthcare professional. From day 1 on the job, you’ll have a lot to learn, so getting the basics sorted early is essential.

Note that this forms 1/3 of the BMAT, so brush up on the BMAT specification too.

Section 2 tests you at GCSE level on the following topics:


BMAT Section 2 Biology topics infographic.

BMAT Section 2, Biology Practice Question
BMAT Section 2, Biology practice question explanation


BMAT Section 2 Chemistry topics infographic.

BMAT Section 2, Chemistry practice question.

BMAT Section 2, Chemistry practice question explanation.


BMAT Section 2 Physics topics infographic

BMAT Section 2, Physics practice question.
BMAT Section 2, Physics practice question explanation.

BMAT Section 2 Maths topics infographic
BMAT Section 2, Mathematics practice question.

BMAT Section 2 Mathematics practice question explanation
BMAT Section 2 Mathematics practice question explanation, part 2

While one exam board includes certain content at GCSE, others will include it at AS-level. For this reason, revise each topic up to AS-level to ensure you cover everything.

For specific details, read the official BMAT test specification.

"Medify's BMAT Section 2 tips" written on a phone which is held by a hand.

Top Tips for BMAT Section 2

1. Learn how BMAT Section 2 is marked

You’ll get a raw score out of 27, which will then be scaled into a score out of 9. Typically a good score is above 6 and exceptional students will get above 7. 

To find out more, read ‘What is a good BMAT score?'

2. Start early

Start your preparation at least 1 month before your exam - preferably 2 to 3 months before. This way, you won’t have to cram. Cramming can make you feel stressed and anxious and the quality of revision won’t be as high. 

Starting early means that your revision sessions don’t need to be intense and you can cover more overall in less time per day. You’ll also be able to balance your other work and academic commitments. 

3. Learn the content

It’s essential that you’re confident in the content for BMAT Section 2.

Once you’ve registered to take the exam, you’ll have access to the official Section 2 assumed knowledge guide, which is an ebook. This covers all the topics in the BMAT specification. 

You can also find concise yet thorough notes on Medify’s BMAT course. With over 250 easy-to-understand tutorials, you get a solid, curriculum-led revision course. The mobile-friendly interface means that you can do your revision on the go. You can have 24/7 access all the way until test day for just £40.

It’s important that you focus on filling in the gaps in your knowledge first. If you don’t fully grasp waves in physics, for example, even after a few tries, then take the time to really comprehend this before you start revising the next topic.

4. Practise under timed conditions 

Section 2 is probably the most time-pressured section of the BMAT. To overcome this, practise working under timed conditions as much as possible. 

When you start off, it’s okay not to time yourself. Focus on getting familiar with the style of questions. Once you're comfortable, the majority of your preparation should be done under timed conditions.

5. Timestamps

Always looking up to check your watch or the clock is going to waste your time.

Instead, use time stamps.

Write out your milestones before the test and check from time to time to see if you’re still on track.

Time remaining

Target # of Questions







If you've only answered 7 questions after 20 minutes, for example, you’ll know you need to hurry up a little bit. You won't need to stare at your watch.

6. Keep moving

The BMAT is supposed to be hard. 

Section 2 will have some extremely difficult questions, but it’ll also have some fairly easy ones. If you’re struggling to work out the answer to the question, guess and move on. 

  • You don’t have marks deducted for wrong answers, so never leave a question unanswered. 
  • You don’t need to get every question right to get a high score in BMAT section 2.

Use the process of elimination to narrow down your answer options and increase your chance of getting the question right.

7. Mental Maths

You won’t have access to a calculator in the BMAT. This means that your mental maths will play a crucial role in your success. The stronger it is, the less working out you’ll have to do on paper and the quicker you’ll be able to answer. If there are big differences between the answer options, use estimation to make it easier.

You could practice your mental maths while doing BMAT questions. Alternatively, you could do mental maths quizzes or puzzles. Being creative in your preparation will help make the process more enjoyable and less stressful.

Learn other ways of reducing exam stress.

8. Practise doing your working out on the question paper

You won’t get any extra paper for this - it's all done on the question sheet - so make your working out concise.

From the start, practice with only one piece of paper and use shorthand to avoid writing full words. For example, instead of writing “red apples”, write “RA”.

9. Prioritise Subjects

Most students find biology to be the easiest part of Section 2. Your time is probably better spent improving at physics, chemistry and maths, but work out what your weaknesses are to help you prioritise.

If you've already learned a topic for the UCAT, for example, you won't need to prioritise it. Learn about the differences between the UCAT and BMAT as part of this prioritisation.

10. Learn formulae

You’re not given any formula in the BMAT unless it’s one that you’re not expected to know. This makes it vital that you learn all the formulae relevant to Section 2.

11. Focus on topics that come up most often

Some topics come up time and time again in the BMAT. Focus on these topics and make sure you're rock-solid in your understanding. Being confident in these topics will put you in a good position to answer the majority of questions. 


  • Genetic diagrams
  • Mutations and cloning 
  • Mitosis and meiosis
  • Genetic engineering
  • Respiratory system 
  • Circulatory system 
  • Hormones 
  • Homeostasis 
  • Nerves 
  • Nitrogen cycle


  • Ionic bonding
  • Covalent bonding 
  • Reactivity series 
  • Equilibrium
  • Calculations 
  • Balancing equations 
  • Half equations
  • Organic chemistry


  • Electricity
  • Mechanics
  • Nuclear Physics
  • Waves 


The maths questions in Section 2 don’t really have a specific pattern. You should prepare for all sections with an equal amount of focus.

12. Start small

Do just Section 1 of a past paper in one sitting.

The next time do BMAT Sections 1 and 2.

Finally, add in Section 3 and do all three sections in one sitting.

13. Check your work

There often isn’t time to check your work, so you’ll have to push your speed up to get this valuable time. 

During your preparation, try to complete Section 2 in 25 minutes rather than 30 minutes. This will give you around 55 seconds per question.

If you can do it during preparation, it’ll be possible during your actual exam. This will give you an extra 5 minutes to check your answers and try any questions you had to skip.  

Here are time stamps to help you keep track if you’re using this strategy.

Time remaining

Target # of Questions








BMAT Section 2 is made up of questions covering the three sciences and maths.

You probably already know which area you find most challenging, so factor that into your revision time and make sure you have the fundamentals we mentioned covered for each section.

Good luck!

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